Paralysis is the loss of muscle function in part of your body. It can occur in one or more muscles and may be temporary or permanent, depending on the underlying cause. The causes of paralysis can vary depending on the location and severity of the paralysis, as well as the individual’s age, health status, and medical history.
Here are some of the most common causes of paralysis:
Stroke: A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted, either by a blood clot or a ruptured blood vessel. This can lead to paralysis on one side of the body, known as hemiplegia.
Spinal cord injury: Damage to the spinal cord can cause paralysis, depending on the location and severity of the injury. Paralysis can occur below the level of the injury, and can be either partial or complete.
Traumatic brain injury: An injury to the brain can cause paralysis, depending on the location and severity of the injury. This can include damage to the motor cortex, which controls voluntary movement.
Multiple sclerosis: Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. It can cause muscle weakness, spasticity, and paralysis.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS): ALS is a progressive neurological disease that affects the nerve cells that control voluntary muscles. It can cause muscle weakness, atrophy, and paralysis.
Guillain-Barre syndrome: Guillain-Barre syndrome is a rare autoimmune disorder that can cause muscle weakness and paralysis. It often starts in the legs and can progress to other parts of the body.
Botulism: Botulism is a rare but serious illness caused by a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It can cause paralysis by blocking nerve signals to the muscles.
Polio: Polio is a viral infection that can cause paralysis by attacking the nerves that control muscle movement.
Tumors: Tumors in the brain or spinal cord can cause paralysis by putting pressure on the nerves or spinal cord.
Infections: Certain infections, such as meningitis or encephalitis, can cause inflammation of the brain or spinal cord, which can lead to paralysis