EPILEPSY Symptoms|| Dr Abhinav Gupta

EPILEPSY Symptoms|| Dr Abhinav Gupta

The symptoms of epilepsy can vary widely from person to person, depending on the type of seizures they experience and the areas of the brain affected. Here are some common symptoms associated with epilepsy:

  1. Seizures: Seizures are the hallmark symptom of epilepsy. They can take various forms and may involve different parts of the body or brain. Seizures can be classified into two main categories:

    a. Generalized seizures: These seizures involve both sides of the brain and may cause loss of consciousness. Types of generalized seizures include tonic-clonic seizures (formerly known as grand mal seizures), absence seizures (formerly known as petit mal seizures), myoclonic seizures, and atonic seizures.

    b. Focal seizures: These seizures originate in a specific part of the brain and may or may not involve loss of consciousness. Focal seizures can be further divided into focal aware seizures (previously called simple partial seizures) and focal impaired awareness seizures (previously called complex partial seizures).

  2. Temporary confusion or loss of awareness: Some types of seizures may cause a brief lapse in awareness, where the person may appear unresponsive or exhibit automatic movements.
  3. Unusual sensations or emotions: Certain seizures can cause unusual sensations, such as tingling, numbness, or a sense of déjà vu. They may also trigger intense emotions or feelings of fear, joy, or anxiety.
  4. Convulsions or jerking movements: Tonic-clonic seizures, which are generalized seizures, often involve convulsions characterized by stiffening of the body (tonic phase) followed by rhythmic jerking movements (clonic phase).
  5. Uncontrolled movements: Some seizures can cause involuntary movements, such as repetitive motions of the arms or legs.
  6. Changes in behavior or cognition: Focal seizures may manifest as changes in behavior or cognition, including confusion, memory loss, or repetitive actions.

It’s important to note that not all seizures indicate epilepsy. Other medical conditions or factors, such as high fever, certain medications, or withdrawal from substances, can also cause seizures. If you or someone you know experiences seizures or seizure-like symptoms, it is recommended to seek medical evaluation for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

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